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Women Are Calling Out ‘Medical Gaslighting’



Research shows that female patients and those of ethnicity are more likely to be dismissed by doctors. Experts say: Keep asking questions.

Jenneh Rishe could do six miles in just 45 minutes until she suddenly couldn’t. In the spring of 2019, Mrs. Rishe, now 35, noticed that she found her daily jogs difficult.

A few years earlier, she had received a diagnosis of two congenital heart problems that she claimed doctors had told her wouldn’t affect her daily activities. But she was getting worse as chest pains became intense and kept her awake at midnight, and she was taking a wheelchair after falling out several times.

Mrs. Rishe, who lives in Los Angeles, found a highly-recommended cardiologist in the Midwest and flew to meet him. The doctor immediately disregarded the symptoms she explained. “People who have these heart conditions aren’t this sick,” she recalls his reply. He suggested the latest heart medication, advised her to get active, and sent her back home.


Unsatisfied with her care, the doctor was not satisfied with her care, and Mrs. Rishe visited a second doctor who conducted extensive tests, which revealed that her arteries were being spasmed due to the lack of oxygen. “I was having mini-heart attacks whenever I had chest pain,” she explained. After a few months, she underwent open-heart surgery to fix the issue and, she later discovered, could have saved her life.

“I constantly still think about how any run I went on quite literally could’ve been my last,” Mrs. Rishe told me.

Research has shown that diagnostic mistakes can occur in as many as one in seven interactions between a doctor and a patient. It is also believed that most of these mistakes result from the doctor’s inexperience. Females are much more likely to be misdiagnosed than males in various scenarios.

Patients who feel that their issues were incorrectly ignored as being minor or psychological by medical professionals are employing”medical gaslighting” or “medical gaslighting” to describe their experiences and share their experiences on social media sites such as Instagram. The term comes from the play “Gaslight” about a husband’s attempt to make his wife crazy. Many patients, especially women and those with a racial background, can describe the quest for precise diagnostics and treatment as grueling.

“We know that women, especially women of color, are often diagnosed and treated differently by doctors than men are, even when they have the same health conditions,” said Karen Lutfey Spencer, a researcher in medical decision-making at the University of Colorado, Denver.


Studies have revealed that when compared to women, women experience longer wait times before being diagnosed with heart disease and are being treated less vigorously in the event of a brain injury that is traumatic, which means they are more likely not to receive medication for pain. Patients of color typically receive less quality medical care. Doctors are more likely to refer to Black patients as uncooperative or unresponsive, as research suggests could impact the quality of treatment.

The majority of women say that doctors blame their health issues due to their mental health, being overweight, or the inability to take care of themselves, which can cause delays in the effectiveness of treatment. For example, Dr. Spencer’s research indicates that females are two times more likely than males to be diagnosed with a mental disorder when their symptoms match with heart health.

If Sarah Szczypinski, a journalist in Seattle, was suffering from knee swelling and pain in 2016, following the birth of her son. She said that a doctor had told her she suffered from postpartum depression. A different doctor advised her to shed weight and perform squats. But she suffered from hip dysplasia, which was exacerbated by pregnancy.

It was as if the doctors were saying that her severe discomfort “was something that a woman needs just to live through,” she explained. The problem was getting so powerful that it eventually needed surgery in 2020 to cut her leg bone split in half and to re-align it with her hip. After receiving a diagnosis, “I felt vindicated in many ways,” she declared. However, “it took three years to get a diagnosis and another two to heal.”

Certain people are more likely to be ignored and ‘gaslit.’


The misdiagnosis of women is more often than men, due to part because scientists have a much less understanding of women’s bodies than they know regarding the male body even. However, “there are biological differences that go down to the cellular level,” explained Chloe Bird, a senior sociologist at Pardee RAND Graduate School studying women’s health.

In 1977, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration started recommending that scientists exclude women in pregnancy from early clinical trials of drugs, citing that if women enrolled in the study were to become pregnant, the study could cause harm to their fetuses. Researchers also worried about hormonal changes that could distort research results.

Today — mainly due to a law adopted in 1993, which mandated that minorities and women be considered in medical research conducted through the National Institutes of Health -women are being more consistently involved in research, but there remain vast knowledge gaps.

In particular, females suffering from heart disease usually have distinct symptoms than men suffering from heart disease, and doctors are more familiar with male-specific symptoms, explained Dr. Jennifer Mieres, a cardiologist at Northwell Health in New York. If “women show up with symptoms that don’t fit into the algorithm we’re taught in medical school,” she explained the women are “gaslit and ignored.”

At the time, Michelle Cho, 32, was diagnosed with systemic lupus, the disease where the body gradually destroys its tissues. She was suffering from kidney failure and a heart murmur, and pneumonia. Yet the primary doctor she visited identified her as having allergies, she claimed she was allergic, and the next doctor believed she was pregnant.


“I left each time feeling disappointed, sad, and uneasy because I knew they had not solved my problem or helped me in any way, and it had been yet another wasted day,” said Ms. Cho, a New York City-based medical student. “It felt like they were saying, ‘It’s all in my head.’”

When Raimey Gallant is a writer 42 years old who lives in Winnipeg, she began losing weight, losing hair, and breaking out in an all-over rash in her 20s; her doctor had told her that she was “young, healthy and just lazy,” however, actually, later that year, she was diagnosed Graves’ disease, which is an autoimmune condition that causes the body to produce excess thyroid hormone.

Also, she battled for twenty years with regular periods before being diagnosed last year with endometriosis. This inflammatory condition is defined by the presence and appearance of endometrial tissue that extends outside of the uterus. “I’ll never get back the pieces of life I’ve lost to medical neglect,” she told the media.

How can patients and doctors improve their care?

It’s challenging to determine what steps to take to tackle these issues. That is what systemic experts say, but researchers say that, at a minimum, there should be more research conducted on women’s health.


Doctors must also get the chance to spend more time with patients, and they should see fewer patients in general, according to Dr. Spencer’s suggestion. Studies have shown that when individuals are engaged in multiple cognitive tasks and tasks, they tend to make impulsive decisions. A study showed that, for instance, physicians of males were more likely to prescribe painkillers to Black patients suffering from lower back pain if the doctors were under pressure.

Doctors often work under challenging circumstances, which “make it easy to make mistakes and oversights,” Dr. Spencer said. “It’s like a gauntlet of problematic systems and processes that invite bias.” Researchers have also called for increased education in medical schools about unconscious discrimination and prejudice in healthcare. In 2019, California passed a law requiring hospitals to implement an implicit bias training program for all health professionals who offer perinatal care.

In the meantime, in the future, women, and patients of color might think about bringing someone close to them to the doctor’s appointments, according to the doctor. Alyson McGregor, co-founder and director of the Sex and Gender in Emergency Medicine division at Brown University. “It helps if you have an advocate there that can intervene and say things like, ‘She is not normally in this much pain,’” she explained.

“see another doctor if you feel dismissed,” Dr. McGregor said. It is also possible to think about seeking out women-friendly doctors or a practitioner with a higher level of cultural competency who can better “understand your perspective and language.”

After four months of Mrs. Rishe’s operation, She wrote an open letter to the physician who had dismissed her complaints. “I drafted a whole message about how that interaction left me upset and that I felt tiny,” she wrote. She’s glad that the doctor she was dealing with is no longer part of her life, but she is concerned that she could be in the same situation with a different doctor in the future.


“It’s sad,” she added, “We go in on the defense and are ready for it to happen because it’s so common.”

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How people power drives climate-friendly business.



Before, price and manufacturer could have been king when it came to consumer decisions. But spurred by the effects of weather modification, New Zealanders increasingly want to support climate-friendly corporations that are thinking sustainably and performing their bit to donate to a minimal carbon economy and Aotearoa New Zealand.

The study highlights this shift in thinking. Based on EECA’s (the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority) regular Consumer Monitor, 82 percent of New Zealanders want corporations to complete more to lessen their environmental impact. And while EECA’s Business Monitor says only 24 percent of corporations think their customers or companies are stimulating them to achieve more, the proven fact that acting on weather modification can provide an aggressive benefit does seem to be gaining ground. This isn’t precisely about the giant corporations, either. New Zealanders want SMEs to be sustainable corporations as well.

Help the planet by choosing businesses with sustainable packaging or bringing your own containers.

Auckland early childhood educator and mother-of-three Dorothy Lacey spends lots of time – and income – shopping on the internet for her family and adding items to her childcare center. As the effects of weather modification have increased, she has discovered himself wanting to see corporations prioritize their footprint.

“Oh, for certain, I look up a business and observe green it is before I get any such thing from them,” she says. “If they’re carbon-neutral or use compostable presentation or perhaps overall have a commitment to increasing things when it comes to the environment, they get my money. It starts to have quite simple to inform which are the great kinds and you then only begin encouraging them and don’t work with the others.”

The ability these customers hold is twofold. Firstly, they inspire buddies and family to follow their case by getting more carbon-conscious when it comes to purchases – EECA’s research indicates that force from buddies and family includes a better effect than a societal strain on the number of weather actions people take.


Citizen Collective beer and bread.

As it pertains to corporations themselves, some do note that lowering energy use and taking a more climate-friendly approach is an intelligent organization’s decision future-proofing them from shifting consumer preferences.

Person Combined is one organization in front of the curve. The Auckland-based opportunity takes unsold supermarket bread and converts it into beer, and then uses the mash from the beer-brewing process to change it into bread.

“After the brew, we were left with this beautiful solution, and we decided there must be a method to use it,” says Add Founder, Person co-founder.

“We’re using less water, land, and energy to cultivate, harvest and dry the barley — that is very intense from a power perception — resulting in fewer emissions.

Customers can encourage businesses to be more climate friendly.

“We’ve also got some great opinions for the very reassuring beer,” says Shepherd. “We reckon we’re performing something worthwhile, but the products have to be excellent to work.”

New Zealanders can also straight inspire corporations to produce improvements to help minimize their energy use and carbon emissions. You will find a range of easy measures we could all follow to encourage corporations to go to the talk.

Taking a more climate-friendly approach is a smart business decision.

Use your effect

Showing the others what you’re performing differently in your living to support climate-friendly corporations is among the main things you can do – so ensure you reveal your finds and ideas, and chat, article and share. Given the energy of recommendations for weather action, we’re all influencers! Keep in mind this is focused on development and not excellence, and its key corporations’ sense is reinforced in (authentically) speaking about the measures they’re taking.

Election along with your budget

Where we invest, our income is the best way to exhibit consumer power. Once a business sees income and manufacturer commitment to being climate-friendly, the others can follow suit. Furthermore, a company not succeeding on an environmentally-friendly top might be incentivized to complete better.


Customers can vote with their wallet and choose climate friendly businesses.

Knowledge is (green) power.

Be interested and stay educated about energy, emissions, and weather change.

Use the practical Manual to the Language of Environment Change on GenLess.govt.NZ to discover or ensure what the words and words about weather modification mean. It will help with speaking confidently about the difficulties with others.

Ask questions

Wondering to visit a business’s sustainability strategy or asking what they’re performing to lower their environmental influence can go a lengthy way. Only a few customers asking could be the impetus a business needs to begin with on the journey. Clients can see if a company has environmental accreditation, like the people offered by B Corp or Toitū Envirocare.

“I’ll inform my buddies and workmates about a business I came across that’s excellent green credentials,” says Lacey. “Frequently, they will be smaller operators and have been encouraged to me, so I then go and pass that info along to someone else.”

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What is Open Enrollment for Health Insurance?



Health insurance is essential no matter what stage of your life. There are some exceptions to this rule, but most insurance policies require that you stay with the plan for an entire year. You can change your coverage and enroll in a new program during the annual open enrollment period. This is everything you need about open enrollment for your health insurance.

What is Open Enrollment?

Open enrollment is when you have the opportunity to change or select your health insurance plan. The timing of registration will vary depending on which method you are enrolling in,” said Anand Shukla (senior vice president, individual markets, Aetna), a CVS Health company.

The Medicare annual enrollment period, for instance, runs from October 15 to December 7. The Affordable Care Act (ACA), Marketplace/Exchange open enrollment period starts on November 1.

“If your employer offers health insurance, you may be eligible for an annual enrollment period. During this time, you can sign up or modify your coverage. Shukla says that it is essential to verify these dates with your employer.


How to Maximize Open Entry Periods

Open enrollment can be accessed in many ways. First, find out when you are eligible. Koleen Cavanaugh (Vice President of Marketing at Independence Blue Cross in Philadelphia) says that your open enrollment period will depend on where and how you buy insurance.

Next, assess your lifestyle and Health. Kyu Rhee M.D. is Aetna’s senior vice president, chief medical officer, and chief medical officer. To help you do this, Kyu Rhee recommends asking the following questions:

  • Are you currently seeing a primary care doctor, or do you see any other medical specialists?
  • Which medications are you taking?
  • What diagnostic tests such as imaging or blood tests do you require?
  • Are you due to receive critical preventive screenings such as vaccinations or cancer screenings?
  • Do you have multiple chronic conditions?
  • Are you planning any procedures or surgeries?

After you have narrowed down what you want, you can start looking at coverage options. Dylan H. Roby, Associate Professor of Health, Society and Behavior, University of California, Irvine’s Program in Public Health, suggests that you look for a plan that suits your needs for the next year, both in terms of monthly premiums in terms of your health needs.

You can also talk to a trusted broker or licensed advisor in your locality to learn more about the available plans. Shukla says that many insurers offer seminars in their local communities, which provide information on programs and allow you to ask questions.

When choosing a plan, consider the four Ds: doctors, drugs, diagnostics, and deductibles. Dr. Rhee says that you should ensure your doctors are connected, that your medications are covered, and that critical diagnostic tests such as blood tests and imaging can be accessed. Also, make sure your deductible is affordable.

He also suggests that you consider hearing, vision, and dental coverage. It is ideal to have telehealth visits or virtual care included in your health plan. He says that your health plan is your ticket for staying and getting well.


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Open Enrollment Management for Different Types of Health Insurance

Roby recommends that you consider more than just the premiums when viewing the details of any health insurance plan. He says that deductibles and copayments are significant, including coinsurance, coinsurance, and out-of-pocket limits.

These are additional tips for maximizing your open enrollment period based on your insurance plan.


The Advance Premium Tax Credit (APTC) is available to anyone who decides on an ACA Marketplace plan. Open enrollment starts on November 1. Shukla says that APTC can be a significant reduction in the premium you pay for insurance coverage, depending on your household income.

Roby adds that reviewing your options at each open enrollment period is wise as the tax credits or subsidies you have may be affected by changes in your local health insurance plans and policies.


Nearly 90% of the consumers who used to get their health insurance received the APTC during the 2021 open enrollment period. The average APTC amount for eligible recipients was 85% of their premiums during the 2020 and 2021 available enrollment periods.


According to Carrie Jardine (a revenue cycle manager at Heading Health in Austin), Medicare health insurance’s initial open enrollment period covers seven months. Heading Health is a mental health clinic. It starts three months before your eligibility for Medicare, generally when you turn 65. It continues until your birthday month and ends three months later.

However, the Medicare annual enrollment period runs from October 15 to December 7. Jardine says that you can either stay on the standard Medicare plan or choose to enroll in a Medicare Advantage plan through one of many commercial payers.

Employer-sponsored insurance

Jardine explains that if you get health insurance through your employer, the initial open enrollment period is when you are eligible to enroll with the employer’s insurance carrier. This is usually determined at the discretion of the employer.

An annual open enrollment period may be offered by your employer, in which employees can choose another plan. However, this is not an obligation for all companies.


Roby says it might be good to join a low-cost, high-deductible plan, significantly if your employer contributes money to your health savings account.

What if I want to make changes outside of open enrollment?

You can’t make any changes to your coverage options after the open enrollment period. This is only possible if you are eligible for a particular enrollment period due to a qualifying life event such as a birth, marriage or adoption, loss of coverage or change of residence, income change, or becoming a U.S citizen. You may be able to enroll in a new plan within 60 days or 60 days, depending on your circumstances.

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For better mental health, add these food items to your diet.



It could be due to many factors. Scientists have identified the gut-brain connection as one explanation. Neurotransmitters are what link the brain to the gastrointestinal system.

Healthy eating is one of the best things you can do for your health. A healthy diet is good for our bodies and minds. Studies show that a healthy diet high in vitamins, minerals, and protein can improve our mental and physical health.

Sutter Health states that a healthy diet can improve our moods and help us feel happier. However, eating a lot of sugar and processed foods can cause mental problems and worsen depression and anxiety. It could be due to many factors. Scientists have identified the gut-brain connection as one explanation. Neurotransmitters are what link the brain to the gastrointestinal system. Additionally, gut microbes produce critical mood-regulating neurotransmitters such as serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric, and gamma-aminobutyric acids, which help manage anxiety, fear, depression, and other emotions.

Bad diets can cause inflammation and negatively affect our emotions. Gut-friendly foods high in fiber, healthy fats, and probiotics can make you feel happier mentally.


Mental health is directly affected by diet.

Our attention and energy levels are also affected by diet. The brain must receive a steady supply of nutrients to function correctly. If the brain does not have certain nutrients, it can cause mental problems. Depressed people tend to prefer quick and easy meals to make healthy meals. This can lead to a vicious circle.

Sutter Health says that processed foods, which are often high in sugar and refined carbohydrates, may provide a temporary boost of dopamine but can lead to long-term inflammation, leading to anxiety and depression. The rush can be followed by a crash, which can cause increased sugar cravings and create a vicious circle of addiction.

Caffeine is another factor that can affect your mood. Too much coffee can be dangerous for your health. Although this popular stimulant is well-known for its energy-boosting properties, it can also cause anxiety symptoms like restlessness, nervousness, and stomach problems. It’s not only what you eat but also how often you eat. A drop in blood sugar can lead to irritation, fatigue, and depression.

Feeling better? Protein, complex carbs, and fatty acids can all help.

Sutter Health states that the brain needs a healthy mix of lean proteins and complex carbs to be more efficient. Lean protein is found in chicken, eggs, legumes, and nuts. It also contains an essential amino acid that the brain requires to regulate emotions. Mainly Omega-3 fatty acids are necessary for nerve cell structure and brain health. A diet low in Omega-3 fatty acids can harm brain functions such as learning, cognition, memory, sleep, and aging. Fish, flaxseed, and walnuts are rich in healthy fatty acids.

Complex carbohydrates are suitable for the brain, but they can also be harmful to the stomach. Complex carbohydrates are rich in fiber and minerals. They include whole grains, brown rice, starchy vegetables, and whole grains. They are also more slowly digested, keeping blood sugar levels in control and providing uninterrupted energy throughout the day.


Try an apple or handful of walnuts instead of reaching for chocolates and chips when you feel down. You will see a difference in your brain and body. Remember that sadness is a normal part of mental health. Even renowned chefs have expressed their feelings.

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